Although we believe that the sun can only affect us in summer we must also protect ourselves from it in winter, since the cold and clouds do not prevent us from getting their radiations. Most people make the mistake of only worrying about the skin and the effects of the sun when summer comes and the high temperatures. However, we must take into account the UV rays at any time of the year, even when it is cold, snowy or cloudy.
You can learn how to reduce the effects of the sun on the skin in the following article:
What are the effects of excessive exposure to the sun?
Spending a lot of time under the sun at times not recommended, or not using protection factor, can bring consequences, in the medium and long term and different problems on the skin. Undoubtedly the most negative effect of this bad habit of lying in the sun without anything else matters is skin cancer, especially in its phase known as “melanoma.”
Skin cancer suffers more than everyone believes. For example, in the United States, one in ten older adults has this disease, which can lead to death. Melanoma may be related to sunburn in the patient’s childhood, or by not considering how strong and dangerous the sun is when we go on vacation or when we are in the city.
There is another type of skin cancer that is not melanoma and, although problematic, does not cause death. It can spread if untreated and causes various health problems. Overexposure to the sun causes basal cell carcinomas, a cancerous tumor that manifests, above all, as nodules in the neck and head.
Radiation from UV rays can also cause skin conditions such as premature aging and actinic keratosis (lumps). However, the effects are not only at the dermal level of being under the sun for a long time can cause cataracts and other eye injuries, such as loss of transparency in the lens and even blindness.
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Finally, it reduces the system of defenses of the body and this makes us sick more often.
How can we protect ourselves from the harmful effects of the sun?
To avoid having to suffer the effects indicated above, as well as those of the short term, that is to say, the redness, the burns, the pain, the scales, etc. Pay attention to the following tips:
- It avoids the schedules of greater solar radiation, that is to say, when the sun is higher in the sky, during the noon. In summer, this phase is located between 11 and 16 hours. In winter between 12 and 15 hours.
- Do not spend all day at the beach during the holidays, even if you go early in the morning and protect yourself at noon. The sea breeze and salt water are a dangerous combination when the sun is added, even if it is not direct.
- Use sunglasses that have a high UV index. Buy them in an optic and consult with an expert before purchasing them. Some models are more enveloping and larger, so, in addition to protecting your eyes, they will also cover a large part of the face.
- Wear wide-brimmed hats that help protect not only the head but other parts of the body such as the shoulders, neck, or neck.
- During the summer, wear wide clothing, light colors as white or sand, if possible sweaters or long sleeved shirts of a thin material, which protects but does not shelter.
- Do not trust how the clouds are. Sometimes we think that if you do not see the sun in the sky, we do not have to put protective factor or wear sunglasses. This is an error that can have negative consequences.
- Although the sky is completely cloudy, it also uses the glasses and the protection factor, especially if you have very white or sensitive skin.
- If you go on vacation to the mountain during the summer, the sun can also make a dent in your skin and in your sight, therefore, meets the same requirements of going to the beach. While it is believed that the radiation is higher in the sea, it is also high on the mountain, therefore do not trust.
- If you like winter and snow sports, you also have to protect yourself from the sun, as it “bounces” on the clear surface and is more dangerous than when we are on the beach, since the cold or the wind do not allow us to notice That we are tanning (as with cloudy days).
- Wear big sunglasses and do not forget the protection factor. Snow can reflect 80% of UV rays, something that does not happen on other surfaces.
- Always walk through the streets with shade and, if possible, stop under roofs when waiting to cross the street. This also will not “save” you from wearing glasses or protection factor, but at least you will not have a direct incidence of lightning.
- Do not give yourself too strong perfumes before going out on hot or sunny days. Talk with your doctor about side effects of certain medicines and sun.
- As much as you put a high protection factor, do not stay long under the sun, since the purpose of these creams is not to allow a number of hours lying in the sun, but reduce risks during exposure.
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